Ryzen Revisited: AMD’s 5800X3D, 5800X Are Nice Upgrades for Early Zen Adopters

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When AMD introduced it will add help for the Ryzen 5000 household to the outdated 300 collection motherboard chipsets it raised attention-grabbing questions on how these chips would carry out when plugged in as upgrades. We suspected CPUs just like the Ryzen 7 5800X3D would possibly show to be unusually robust improve choices because of the big quantity of onboard L3 cache.

Now that we’ve spent a while evaluating the query, we are able to affirm it: Any fanatic gamer nonetheless operating a Ryzen 7 1800X or under ought to significantly think about both the Ryzen 7 5800X or the Ryzen 7 5800X3D as an improve choice. The 5800X3D is a very good selection in case you are caught with slower RAM clocked at DDR4-2667 or under. Efficiency enhancements of 1.5x – 2x are potential at 1080p with an appropriately highly effective GPU.

Why the 5800X3D Shines on AMD’s X370 Motherboard Platform

When Ryzen launched, the Ryzen 7 1800X’s formal reminiscence clock help topped out at DDR4-2667. Quicker was potential, however 3.2GHz DDR4 nonetheless commanded a premium over the two.67GHz taste again in 2017 and loads of OEMs stick with formally supported clocks. This restricted Ryzen’s efficiency in gaming and different latency-sensitive purposes. Immediately, DDR4-3600 is fairly commonplace for a Ryzen system.

In case you prefer it, slap an enormous chunk of cache on it.

One constant attribute of AMD’s Ryzen CPUs over the previous 5 years is that they profit from greater reminiscence bandwidth greater than Intel chips sometimes do. That is very true on an older chip just like the Zen 1-based Ryzen 7 1800X, which provided every CPU core a comparatively small slice of L3 earlier than leaning on foremost reminiscence. As AMD advanced Zen 2 and Zen 3, it made numerous enhancements to the cache construction of the structure. Zen 2 doubled up on L3 in comparison with Zen 1, whereas Zen 3 debuted Ryzen’s first unified L3 cache. The 5800X3D takes this technique and turbo fees it by bumping the on-die L3 cache as much as 96MB. Because it seems, dropping an additional 64MB of cache on-chip is a nice strategy to obviate the efficiency hit Ryzen 1 takes when paired with DDR4-2667.

DRAM isn’t terribly costly nowadays — it nonetheless prices much less to purchase a Ryzen 7 5800X + 32GB of DDR4-3600 than it does to purchase simply the Ryzen 7 5800X3D, for instance — however the Ryzen 7 5800X3D has its personal persuasive efficiency argument to make.

To Improve or Purchase New?

The hypothetical gamer with our testbed system configuration constructed a Ryzen 7 1800X when the platform was new, seemingly pairing it with a GTX 1080 or 1080 Ti. The system has already been upgraded as soon as, with an RTX 3080. System benchmarks now present (as we’ll see) that the Ryzen 7 1800X is bottlenecking recreation efficiency in 1080p and even some 1440p video games. Is it price upgrading this older system with a brand new CPU, or is it higher to attend for Socket AM5?

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After spending a while with these programs, we’re fairly firmly on Crew Improve. The efficiency enchancment from plugging a Ryzen 7 5800X3D or Ryzen 7 5800X into an outdated X370 board is damned spectacular. Fanatics who need greater than eight cores have choices just like the 16-core Ryzen 9 5950X. That CPU gives all the single-threaded enhancements within the Zen 3 household, plus twice the utmost variety of cores AMD was promoting in a client socket again in 2017. Whereas we deal with gaming right here, a fast take a look at utility efficiency suggests the Ryzen 7 5800X and 5800X3D are 1.5x – 2x quicker than the Ryzen 7 1800X in each single-threaded and multi-threaded purposes.

Observe: The truth that our Ryzen 7 1800X testbed has already been upgraded to an RTX 3080 has lots to do with why these numbers look the best way they do. The developments on this knowledge are more likely to maintain true for the RTX 3060 Ti, RTX 3070, and RTX 3080 in addition to higher-end RDNA2 playing cards within the Radeon 67xx and 68xx households. Excessive-end Turing playing cards just like the RTX 2080 Ti and RTX 2080 would nonetheless present the identical developments, however to a smaller diploma.

Our Testbed

Our trusty Asus Crosshair VI Hero got here out of retirement for this testing. We up to date to the AGESA 1.2.0.6b UEFI (v.8503) obtainable on the Asus web site. Whereas Ryzen 5000 help isn’t formally set to reach till AGESA 1.2.0.7, we have been advised that the AGESA 1.2.0.6b model ought to nonetheless help the CPUs, although presumably with some limitations. After testing the board, we’re assured sufficient in these numbers to launch them. The AGESA 1.2.0.7 replace could enhance compatibility and additional enhance efficiency, however the efficiency enchancment obtainable right this moment is greater than sufficient to justify the improve.

We had no crashes or stability issues when testing the Ryzen 7 5800X and 5800X3D, however we did observe one situation: Whereas the 5800X had no downside with a DDR4-3600 reminiscence clock, the 5800X3D was constantly a bit slower when examined at DDR4-3600 versus DDR4-2667. After speaking to Asus, we’re chalking this as much as the early UEFI model.

Whereas it will’ve been good to have the DDR4-3600 numbers for the Ryzen 7 5800X3D, the DDR4-2667 numbers are ok to run on their very own. Since we don’t have DDR4-3600 numbers for the 5800X3D on X370, we pulled within the knowledge set we used for our 5800X3D overview on an MSI X570 motherboard again in April. Utilizing that knowledge is a helpful strategy to spotlight the efficiency variations between the X370 and X570 chipsets. Resizable Bar shouldn’t be supported on the Asus Crosshair VI Hero and was not enabled on that platform. Our X570 checks do embody Resizable Bar help.

Usually we embody a good variety of utility checks, however we saved this overview targeted on gaming. First, that’s the market AMD is explicitly concentrating on with the Ryzen 7 5800X3D. Second, CPU gaming efficiency is notoriously tough to enhance in comparison with different workloads, and gaming is the world the place the Ryzen 7 1800X was weakest at launch. Third, we needed to measure the influence of AMD’s giant L3 cache in a low reminiscence bandwidth situation and gauge the efficiency distinction between the 5800X3D and 5800X.

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Borderlands 3: Examined in Badass Mode.
Hitman 3: Dartmoor, Dubai: Examined in Extremely element mode, with Movement Blur off.
Shadow of the Tomb Raider: Examined in “Excessive” graphics mode with SMAAT2x enabled.
Far Cry 6: Examined in Extremely element with HD textures enabled.
Horizon Zero Daybreak: Examined in Extremely element.
Warhammer III: Examined in Extremely element with display screen house reflections enabled.
Murderer’s Creed: Valhalla: Examined in Extremely Element mode.

Gaming Outcomes

Our outcomes are fairly totally different relying on the decision you goal.

At 1080p, the Ryzen 7 5800X is 1.35x quicker than the Ryzen 7 1800X when each are outfitted with DDR4-2667 RAM. The 1800X’s efficiency improves by 1.14x when its paired with quicker RAM, whereas the 5800X picks up simply 1.09x from the identical improve. When each programs are outfitted with DDR4-3600, the 5800X is 1.28x quicker than the 1800X at 1080p.

The Ryzen 7 5800X3D is the star of this explicit present. It’s at least 1.6x quicker than the 1800X when each are outfitted with DDR4-2667, and it’s nonetheless 1.09x quicker than the 5800X when the latter has the benefit of DDR4-3600. Solely the X570-based 5800X3D system is a measly 5 p.c quicker, and we’re chalking no less than a few of these features as much as the X570 chipset’s Resizable Bar help.

Avid gamers with 1080p and 1440p screens have explicit motive to eye the 5800X and/or the 5800X3D. At 1440p we count on to see decision and element settings hit the GPU laborious sufficient to dampen the CPU’s relative contribution to system efficiency. Regardless of this, the 5800X3D nonetheless manages to be 1.37x quicker than the Ryzen 7 1800X at 1440p and 1.12x quicker than the 5800X. As soon as once more, the X570 platform is the general chief, however solely by 5 p.c.

The 4K Query

When the Ryzen 7 1800X launched, there have been issues over whether or not or not it will be able to driving trendy GPUs at 4K. AMD insisted on the time that the Ryzen 7 1800X might hold with top-end CPUs on the highest resolutions. 5 years later, that’s nonetheless (largely) true. Whereas it falls nicely behind the competitors in 1440p and 1080p, 4K at excessive element ranges nonetheless stresses the GPU rather more than the CPU. Higher UEFI help for the Ryzen 7 5800X3D may need improved efficiency a bit, however the hole between X370 and X570 is simply 4 p.c.

The 1.13x hole between the Ryzen 7 1800X and the 5800X3D at 4K is skewed by Ashes of the Singularity. Take away it from the common and there’s solely a 7 p.c hole between the Ryzen 7 1800X and the Ryzen 7 5800X3D. Beneath this decision, the 1800X will get pummeled fairly badly, although it nonetheless drives each recreation at eminently playable body charges.

Conclusion

The Ryzen 7 5800X and 5800X3D are attention-grabbing improve choices for early Ryzen adopters, particularly early adopters who don’t have high-speed DRAM and who primarily recreation in 1080p. A Ryzen 7 5800X3D outfitted with DDR4-2667 is roughly 10 p.c quicker than a Ryzen 7 5800X + DDR4-3600. If we assume an $80 worth level for brand new DRAM (together with transport) and borrow Newegg’s worth for each CPUs as of 6/5/2022, the price comes out to $394 for the 5800X + DDR4-3600 versus $470 for the Ryzen 7 5800X3D alone. That makes the 5900X3D a median of 1.09x quicker in 1080p, whereas costing 1.19x extra. That’s not the most effective worth/efficiency ratio on Earth, however high-end chips from Intel, AMD, and Nvidia all carry premiums.

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Whereas this story doesn’t think about Zen+ CPUs on the X470 chipset, there’s no motive these programs wouldn’t profit equally. Absolutely the diploma of enchancment between the Zen+ and Zen 3 CPU cores could be smaller, however nonetheless important. Zen+ was solely about 1.1x – 1.15x quicker than Zen, best-case.

The Ballad of AM4, Half 2: Hail to the King

When evaluating the worth of an improve versus shopping for an all-new system, it may be useful to contemplate how a lot efficiency you possibly can purchase in a brand new machine for a similar sum of money. Prospects with higher-end GPUs and first-generation Ryzen CPUs are the fortunate winners right here. A Ryzen 5800X, 5800X3D, or 5950X will enhance the efficiency of an existent X370 system excess of the brand new PC you possibly can purchase for a similar value because the chip.

People with lower-end playing cards nonetheless have some selections to make. Whereas it’s true that AM5 will launch later this 12 months, the brand new platform will inevitably carry a premium. DDR5-4800 is rather more costly than DDR4 and the efficiency profit from DDR5-4800 versus DDR4-3600 goes to be marginal in most purposes. Chips just like the 5800X3D muddy that comparability extra, because the huge cache can compensate for slower RAM clocks to a level.

Whether or not it is sensible to improve a PC at all times comes right down to the specifics of 1’s particular person scenario, how a lot cash you are attempting to avoid wasting (or spend), and what your individual particular person wants are. What checks like this present is that there’s greater than sufficient life in AM4 to make it a aggressive platform for years to come back. A 5 year-old motherboard can nonetheless energy a top-end system. A present AMD consumer with a Ryzen 7 1800X or under can count on significant efficiency enhancements from a CPU swap. When new 4000-series GPUs arrive from Nvidia and AMD launches RDNA3, X370 homeowners with upgraded CPUs will nonetheless have the ability to take full benefit of those playing cards.

Kudos to AMD for sending AM4 out on such a excessive word. When the corporate introduced it will help AM4 for years again in 2017, it particularly stated “Socket AM4” versus “X370 motherboards.” Firms make statements like that to allow them to sundown older merchandise with out breaking such guarantees. On this case, nonetheless, AMD didn’t simply reside as much as the letter of their declare — they fulfilled the spirit of it. The mixture of Ryzen 7 5800X + X370 or Ryzen 7 5800X3D + X370 is the most effective improve platform we’ve ever examined.

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